Vol. 147, No. 35 — August 31, 2013
PRIVY COUNCIL OFFICE
Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council — Stakeholder Request for Comment, Summer 2013
In recognition of the integrated nature of the Canadian and U.S. economies, the role of free and open trade in encouraging jobs and growth, and the benefits of increased regulatory alignment, President Obama and Prime Minister Harper announced the Canada-United States Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) in February 2011 (http://pm.gc.ca/eng/media.asp?id=3932).
In December 2011, the Canadian and U.S. governments launched the initial RCC Joint Action Plan and identified specific issues where there was bi-national willingness to work together to seek greater cooperation in our regulatory approaches. A detailed work plan was developed for each of the 29 Joint Action Plan initiatives (http://actionplan.gc.ca/en/page/rcc-ccr/joint-action-plan-canada-united-states-regulatory) including specific milestones, consideration for more systemic changes, and a commitment to stakeholder engagement. We have made important progress to date and we continue our work to implement these work plans (http://actionplan.gc.ca/en/page/rcc-ccr/2012-progress-report-leaders).
At this time, the Canadian and the U.S. governments invite public views on progress to date and how best to address regulatory divergence between our two governments moving forward. In particular, we invite comments on certain issues/sectors that should be considered for future cooperation, including proposals to align regulatory systems, streamline bilateral cooperation, and improve stakeholder engagement.
Canada and the United States intend to identify opportunities for greater cooperation that, if undertaken in a systemic way, would secure greater alignment between our countries’ regulatory systems. These collaborative mechanisms are aimed at bringing Canadian and U.S. regulatory agencies together in a more comprehensive way around the planning and coordination of work across our regulatory systems.
With the recognition that increased regulatory cooperation in no way diminishes the sovereignty of either the United States or Canada or the ability of either country to carry out its regulatory functions according to its domestic, legal policy and international commitments, one potential way to advance collaboration is with enhanced cooperative arrangements between Canadian and U.S. regulatory agencies.
These cooperative arrangements could provide the framework for high-level commitment to pursue further alignment of our regulatory systems, such as identifying work sharing opportunities, common programs, and a greater reliance on work performed under either system. These arrangements may also include opportunities for long-term and annual planning so that routine regulatory work and system advancements could be considered together.
In any approach to strengthening cooperation, regulators would have the key role in securing and implementing these arrangements between Canadian and U.S. agencies. Stakeholder input is instrumental in providing practical recommendations for future alignment opportunities, clarifying priorities, and assisting in possible pilot projects.
Below are some key areas where we believe stakeholder insights would be most helpful, though we certainly welcome input beyond these areas:
- Ideas on the appropriate role for stakeholders, and how stakeholders can best engage with Canadian and U.S. regulators on regulatory cooperation opportunities and the Action Plan implementation.
- Recommendations on how to augment standards cooperation between our respective countries — both public and private sectors — to support and build on the RCC work.
- Recommendations on how to institutionalize regulatory cooperation between our two countries.
- Opinions on moving forward on the next phase of Canada-United States regulatory cooperation through mechanisms such as agency-to-agency cooperative arrangements. We welcome ideas on how to advance them where they already exist and create them where they are non-existent.
- Details on measurable benefits for industry, government, and/or consumers that can be quantified and shared, which occurred as a direct result of a current RCC initiative.
- Particular sectors or issues for which the RCC should consider further regulatory alignment, including emerging technologies (such as nanotechnology) that are not yet regulated. Where possible, please provide
- a description of the issue or unnecessary difference as well as the potential alignment opportunity;
- the relevant regulatory agencies;
- the relevant regulatory and/or statutory provisions for each jurisdiction (or an indication that such provisions do not yet exist in one or both jurisdictions);
- an assessment of the net benefits of enhanced regulatory alignment (i.e. quantified costs and benefits, and the time period over which they would accrue); and
- possible regulatory cooperation best practices that should be considered for removing unnecessary differences or duplicative practices.
Please provide your responses by October 11, 2013. Written submissions can be sent to the United States via International-OIRA@omb.eop.gov and to Canada via RCC-CCR@pco-bcp.gc.ca. Comments are also welcomed through www.regulations.gov (type keyword “Regulatory Cooperation Council” or Docket ID No. OMB-2013-0004).
Your detailed input will help the RCC Secretariat and government agencies in finalizing the implementation of the current work plans and in establishing systemic structures to strengthen regulatory cooperation efforts. We plan to explore the input we receive, and to provide the next steps by the end of the calendar year.
For more information on the RCC, please visit www.actionplan.gc.ca/rcc and www.trade.gov/rcc.
The United States and Canada enjoy the largest bilateral trading relationship in the world and share almost 9 000 km (5 600 miles) of common border. We have a shared focus on the importance of protecting health, safety, and the environment; mature and highly effective regulatory systems; and a long history of regulatory cooperation at the bi-national and international levels. This relationship represents both a strong starting point and a clear motivation for deepening regulatory cooperation.
Regulatory cooperation is not about creating one regulatory system for Canada and the United States, nor does it mean that all regulatory work will be done in one country alone, or that it will always be done jointly. Instead, it is about working together where it is mutually beneficial for both countries. Lack of alignment, which can create unnecessary costs and unnecessary delays to trade, is generally not the product of fundamental differences in regulatory objectives. Instead, it is often simply the product of operating independently, without mechanisms to align our parallel regulatory systems.
Effective regulatory cooperation is about more than just regulations. It is possible that identical regulations could still contain duplicative requirements and verifications that hinder trade and increase costs. Regulatory cooperation must consider all facets of the regulatory system including regulatory policy, related programs and guidance, inspection and testing methods, and compliance and enforcement activities.
Work on the initial Regulatory Cooperation Council (RCC) Action Plan has helped to identify a number of areas where we believe deeper cooperation would generate significant benefits for regulated parties, citizens, and regulators. For example,
- Establishment of standards: aligning standards or sharing information concerning the standards development activities in which regulators will play an active role.
- Product reviews and approvals: providing joint applications, aligning requirements, and sharing in work to inform approvals.
- Reliance on outcomes of the other regulatory system: working together in advancing regulatory systems to achieve common outcomes, and then increasing reliance on the work conducted in the other jurisdiction.
- Management of third country import risk: coordinating import programs and sharing information about third country technical requirements, increasing our reliance on assessment and inspection work done offshore by the other country and at our external borders at the point of first entry into Canada or the United States.
- Improved confidence in conformity assessment: aligning conformity assessment practices, and reliance on international conformity assessment standards and acceptance mechanisms to achieve greater confidence in inspection and testing results.
The current range of authorities, policies, and administrative practices that support strong regulatory systems in the United States and Canada were developed in a much less integrated time. In order to maintain the strength of these systems, and to meet the realities and expectations of Canadian and American citizens and industry, new and increased levels of cooperation must be considered. We therefore ask that comments and suggestions consider the full range of cooperation possibilities.
The objective is to make regulatory cooperation a cornerstone of an enhanced regulatory relationship between Canada and the United States, while leveraging the expertise and efforts of regulators in each country. We welcome stakeholder input on considerations for ongoing alignment.
Privy Council Office
Perimeter Security and Economic Competitiveness