ARCHIVED — Regulations Amending the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations

Warning This Web page has been archived on the Web.

Archived Content

Information identified as archived is provided for reference, research or recordkeeping purposes. It is not subject to the Government of Canada Web Standards and has not been altered or updated since it was archived. Please contact us to request a format other than those available.

Vol. 145, No. 8 — April 13, 2011

Registration

SOR/2011-101 March 25, 2011

CANADIAN WHEAT BOARD ACT

P.C. 2011-517 March 25, 2011

His Excellency the Governor General in Council, on the recommendation of the Minister of Agriculture and Agri-Food, pursuant to subparagraph 32(1)(b)(i) (see footnote a), subsection 47(2) (see footnote b) and section 61 of the Canadian Wheat Board Act (see footnote c), hereby makes the annexed Regulations Amending the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations.

REGULATIONS AMENDING THE CANADIAN WHEAT BOARD REGULATIONS

AMENDMENT

1. Subsections 26(1) to (3) of the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations (see footnote 1) are replaced by the following:

26. (1) The sum certain that the Corporation is required to pay producers on a per tonne basis under paragraph 32(1)(b) of the Act in respect of the base grade of wheat sold and delivered to the Corporation during the pool period beginning on August 1, 2010 and ending on July 31, 2011 and known as No. 1 Canada Western Red Spring (12.5% protein content) is

  1. (a) $258.50 for straight wheat;
  2. (b) $250.50 for tough wheat; and
  3. (c) $243.00 for damp wheat.

(2) The sum certain that the Corporation is required to pay producers on a per tonne basis under paragraph 32(1)(b) of the Act in respect of the base grade of wheat sold and delivered to the Corporation during the pool period beginning on August 1, 2010 and ending on July 31, 2011 and known as No. 1 Canada Western Amber Durum (12.5% protein content) is

  1. (a) $252.50 for straight wheat;
  2. (b) $244.50 for tough wheat; and
  3. (c) $237.00 for damp wheat.

(3) The sum certain that the Corporation is required to pay producers on a per tonne basis under paragraph 32(1)(b) and section 47 of the Act in respect of the base grade of barley sold and delivered to the Corporation during the pool period beginning on February 1, 2011 and ending on July 31, 2011 and known as No. 1 Canada Western is

  1. (a) $205.00 for straight barley;
  2. (b) $198.00 for tough barley; and
  3. (c) $191.50 for damp barley.

COMING INTO FORCE

2. These Regulations come into force on the seventh day after the day on which they are registered.

REGULATORY IMPACT ANALYSIS STATEMENT

(This statement is not part of the Regulations.)

Issue and objectives

Pursuant to the Canadian Wheat Board Act (the Act), grain producers receive an initial payment upon delivery of grain to the Canadian Wheat Board (CWB) pool accounts. Revenues from the sale of grain are pooled by the CWB and any surplus over the initial payment minus marketing costs is distributed to producers after the end of the pool period as a final payment. The initial payment is guaranteed by the federal government and any pool account deficits are paid by the federal government. The CWB operates a pool account for each of four classes of grain for which it has responsibility. These are wheat, amber durum wheat, barley and designated barley.

In accordance with the Act, the Governor in Council, by regulation, establishes the initial payment for a base grade for each of the four pool accounts following a review of recommendations made by the CWB and approves the initial payment for other grades established in relationship to the base grade as recommended by the CWB. The initial payments are set at the beginning of the pool period and are adjusted throughout the pool period as the CWB makes additional sales and as market prices dictate. The CWB’s recommendations are based on relative market returns expected for each grade during the current pool period.

The CWB has recommended that an increase be made to the initial payments for wheat, amber durum wheat and barley pool B as the CWB has made sufficient sales since the initial payments were adjusted for wheat and durum on January 24, 2011, and established for barley pool B on February 1, 2011.

The objective of this regulatory action is to adjust the initial payments, by amending section 26 of the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations, for the base grade of wheat, which is No. 1 Canada Western Red Spring with 12.5% protein content; amber durum wheat, which is No. 1 Canada Western Amber Durum with 12.5% protein content; and barley, which is No. 1 Canada Western.

The initial payments for the other grades are then adjusted, in relationship to the base grade, by a separate Order in Council.

Description and rationale

Section 26 of the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations establishes the initial payments to be paid upon delivery for grain delivered to the CWB. This amendment to section 26 adjusts the initial payments for the 2010–11 pool period for the wheat, amber durum wheat and barley pool B accounts. Comparing these amended initial payments to the initial payments established on January 24, 2011, for the base grade of wheat and amber durum wheat, the CWB has made sufficient sales to recommend an increase of $33.30 and $30.00 per tonne respectively. Similarly, the CWB has made sufficient sales of barley to recommend an increase of $75.00 per tonne since the initial payments were established on February 1, 2011, for barley pool B.

The higher initial payment represents increased revenues to wheat and barley producers for their deliveries to the CWB. The initial payment adjustments to all grades in the pool accounts, including the base grade, represent approximately $609.2 million in additional receipts for wheat and barley producers. Producers receive these additional receipts in one of two ways. For grain deliveries on the day that the increase becomes effective and thereafter until the end of the pool period, producers will receive the higher initial payment. For grain deliveries during the pool period, but prior to this amendment coming into force, producers will receive an adjustment payment per tonne equivalent to the difference between the initial payment prior to the increase and the new initial payment.

This increase in the initial payments should not create the risk of a deficit in the pool account. A minimum 35% safety factor for unpriced grain has been used to account for market uncertainties. The safety factor is set jointly by Finance Canada and Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada on the gross value of the unpriced portion of each pool and ensures that, even if pooled returns are significantly lower than expected, a deficit would be unlikely to occur in any of the pools. Although the increase in the initial payment increases the risk of a deficit compared to no increase, the actual risk to the federal government is minimal given the amount of wheat and barley that has been priced and hedged by the CWB and the current world market conditions for wheat and barley.

The initial payments established by this regulatory action relate to the returns anticipated from the market and thus transmit market signals to producers. There is no environmental impact associated with this amendment.

Consultation

Initial payment levels have been recommended by the CWB. The Department of Finance Canada has been consulted and concurs with the recommendations.

Implementation, enforcement and service standards

The schedules come into effect on the seventh day after the day on which they are approved by the Governor in Council.

There is no compliance and enforcement mechanism. These Regulations govern payments made to grain producers for deliveries made under the Canadian Wheat Board Regulations and the Canadian Wheat Board Act.

Contact

Marcia Armstrong
Crop Sector Policy Division
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
1341 Baseline Road
Ottawa, Ontario
K1A 0C5
Telephone: 613-773-2709

Footnote a
S.C. 1995, c. 31, s. 2(1)

Footnote b
S.C. 1995, c. 31, s. 4

Footnote c
R.S., c. C-24

Footnote 1
C.R.C., c. 397